Comparison of Traditional and Disposable Bed Baths in Critically Ill Patients
• Background For bedridden patients unable to perform personal hygiene measures because of acute illness or chronic debilitation, the bed bath, with either the traditional basin or, more recently, disposable baths, has long been a measure for improving hygiene and comfort.
• Conclusion The disposable bath is a desirable form of bathing for patients who are unable to bathe themselves in critical care and long-term care settings, and it may even be preferable to the traditional basin bath.
Table 4 Mean cost/bath of traditional and disposable bathing procedures
|Item||Traditional bath *||Disposable bath|
|Basin and bar soap||0.5||0|
|ointment and antibacterial spray||1.82||0.68|
|Laundry (mean 3.98 washclothes and 1 towel per bath)||0.27||0|
|Mean seconds per bath x mean salary and fringe benefits per second||17.28||15.36|
*Not included in the cost calculation are costs for water used (2-4 gallons [7.6-15.2L] per bath) and replacement costs for washcloths (replaced after 1.5 uses, on average) (source: AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CRITICAL CARE, May 27,2011)